San Anselmo is an incorporated town in Marin County, California, in the western United States. San Anselmo is located Template:Convert west of San Rafael, at an elevation of 46 feet (14 m). It is located about Template:Convert north of San Francisco. Neighboring towns include San Rafael to the east, Fairfax to the west, and Ross to the south. Mount Tamalpais dominates the view to the south. The population was 12,378 at the 2000 census.
The land in and around San Anselmo was mostly pastoral until 1874, when the North Pacific Coast Railroad (NPC) added to its line a spur track from San Anselmo to San Rafael. In 1875, the railroad completed a line from Sausalito to Tomales and north to Cazadero via San Anselmo. For a few years, the town was referred to on railroad maps as "Junction", but in 1883 the name San Anselmo came back into use. The San Anselmo post office opened in 1892. Two postal substations were operated: Lansdale, from 1924 to 1962, and Yolanda, from 1924 to 1954.
From 1902 until the early 1940s, San Anselmo was part of Marin's Northwestern Pacific (in 1907, investors formed the NWP) Electric Train system. The Miracle Mile's and Center Boulevard's current "raised roadbed" were the railroad's right of way. Becoming unprofitable as a result of competition from the automobile and the opening of the Golden Gate Bridge, the railway was officially closed on March 1, 1941. The last of the major San Anselmo railroad station buildings was razed in 1963, according to the town's timeline.
Interestingly, the 1913 electric train schedule shows a commute time from San Anselmo to the Sausalito Ferry to the Ferry Building in San Francisco of a mere 58 minutes, including the 32 minute ferry transit.
San Anselmo incorporated on April 9, 1907. Its name came from the Punta de Quintin land grant, which marked the valley as the Canada del Anselmo, or Valley of Anselm, Anselm being the name of native American who was buried in the area. San Anselmo was a silent film capital in the early 1900s. On March 12, 1974, San Anselmo officially became a town.
The town features in the song Snow in San Anselmo by Irish born singer/songwriter Van Morrison, about an unusual bout of winter weather that occurred when he was living in Fairfax, near San Anselmo, in the 1970s.
Most of the downtown antique and boutique stores and restaurants, for which San Anselmo is well known, are along the banks of San Anselmo Creek.
The average high temperature is Template:Convert, in July, and the average low temperature is Template:Convert, in January and December. The record high was Template:Convert in July, 1972, and record low was Template:Convert in December, 1990. Average rainfall is Template:Convert, with the rainiest month being January.
All but a sliver of San Anselmo lies within the Template:Convert Ross Valley Watershed that flows into San Francisco Bay. The principal waterway of the town's portion of the watershed is San Anselmo Creek, a branch of Corte Madera Creek. Two of San Anselmo Creek's tributaries, Sleepy Hollow Creek and Sorich Creek, also flow through the town, as do East Fork Creek and West Fork Creek, Sorich Creek's two tributaries.
There are three main roads running through San Anselmo. Their junction is known locally as the Hub, which lies near the central business district. Sir Francis Drake Boulevard runs north from Ross, turns north-west at the Hub, and then proceeds west to Fairfax. Red Hill Avenue (also called "The Miracle Mile") runs west from San Rafael, after 4th Street and 3rd Street merge, and into the Hub where it becomes Center Boulevard. Center Boulevard runs north-west from the Hub to Fairfax and Sir Francis Drake parallels Center Boulevard to Fairfax, offset to the north.
The town’s natural skyline is dominated by the hills of Ross Valley. To the north are Red Hill and Grove Hill. To the south-west is Bald Hill. To the east is Moore Hill. In the distance to the south is Mount Tamalpais.
A large part of southern and western San Anselmo is built on a natural flood plain. About every 15–23 years, heavy rains cause the San Anselmo creek to flood the center of town by up to 4 feet - 1925, 1940 (11.38" rainfall in 3 days), 1963, January 1982, as well as December 30/31, 2005. The worst flood, on Jan 2, 1982 (the highest creek water level, according to interviews with longtime creek side residents) was preceded by a rainfall amount that exceeded 8" in 12 hours.
San Anselmo's historic raised railroad bed (now Center Boulevard), acts as a dike, providing some flood protection to the west side houses, upstream of the business district.
A number of homes on the floodplain (called the "Flatlands" by the Town) as far back as at least 1920, have been built with raised foundations to accommodate the minor periodic floods.
As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there were 12,378 people, 5,267 households, and 3,191 families residing in the town. The population density was 4,506.5 people per square mile (1,737.9/km²). There were 5,408 housing units at an average density of 1,968.9 per square mile (759.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 91.62% White, 1.05% African American, 0.40% Native American, 2.92% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.95% from other races, and 2.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.14% of the population.
There were 5,267 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.4% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the town the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 31.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $71,488, and the median income for a family was $86,528. Males had a median income of $61,172 versus $47,170 for females. The per capita income for the town was $41,977. About 2.5% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.
San Anselmo operates on a council-manager form of government, where the elected Town Council creates policy but hires an apolitical town manager to implement the policy. The five-member town council is elected by the town at large. The largely ceremonial posts of mayor and vice-mayor rotate among the council. As of December 2010, San Anselmo's mayor was noted attorney Ford Greene, and the Town Manager was Debra Stutsman.
Ammunition Storage in Sleepy Hollow
During WW2, the Army based a small ammunition storage dump, known as ASP #2 about 2 miles up Butterfield Road from Sir Francis Drake Blvd. The facility was located between the road and a creek and had 23 to 45 men stationed there. There were two batteries composed of four inch antiaircraft cannon manned by five soldiers on a 24 hour basis. One battery was on Stuyvesant Drive and the other on Oak Springs Hill. During the war, the Sleepy Hollow Country Club, located in the old Hotaling mansion, was still open and provided a pleasant break from "grueling" guard duty, according to those stationed at the ammo dump.
Air Raid Wardens
During WW2, "Air Raid" wardens, like Zinnia and Alfred Heiden of San Francisco Blvd, patrolled their assigned neighborhood during nighttime "air raid drills" to notify neighbors of any light that showed out of their houses. Windows were covered in cloth or thick paper during the war to deny enemy bombers illuminated night time bombing targets.
Pilot training Accidents
In the late afternoon of November 2, 1941, 5 weeks before the US entered the war, San Anselmo residents were startled when two low-flying Curtiss P-40 warplanes roared up the valley at just above roof level and crashed into the east side of Bald Hill (often incorrectly reported as Mount Baldy or Bald Mountain) at 5:40pm.
Element leader Lt. Thomas “Bud” L. Truax and Lt. Russell E. Speckman were killed when their planes crashed, in low visibility, into Bald Hill, just shy of the peak. It was almost dark, was misty and they were under a low cloud ceiling. They were critically low on fuel and part of a larger training group that had gotten separated. They were under the wintertime marine layer of low clouds that are common in the Marin County area, searching for nearby Hamilton Field to land.
Truax Field / Dane County Regional Airport KMSN, located in Madison, WI was named in memory of Lt. Truax.
A third pilot, Lt. Walter V. "Ramblin" Radovich, had left the formation over San Rafael, almost hit the city courthouse on 4th Street, circled the Forbes Hill radio beacon (37°58'44.73"N,122°32'50.78"W), clipped a tree and then turned northeast, towards Hamilton Field. Unsure of what the oncoming terrain would be and critically low on fuel, he decided to climb up though the typically thin marine cloud layer to 2500 ft, trim the airplane for straight and level flight and bail out. According to USAAF accident reports, his left leg was broken when exiting the plane and he parachuted down, landing near Hwy 101 in Lucas Valley, reportedly near where Fireman's Fund / Marin Commons is currently located (38° 1'10.66"N, 122°32'29.36"W). Ironically, after Lt. Radovich bailed out, the airplane slowly descended back down through the clouds and made a relatively smooth "gear up" landing.
Notable residents, past and presentEdit
- David Fincher: movie director
- Ford Greene: anti-cult attorney, current Town Councilman and Mayor
- Michael Jantze: syndicated comic strip writer "The Norm"
- John Walker Lindh: The first "American Taliban"
- George Lucas: film producer, screenwriter, director and chairman of Lucasfilm Ltd
- Brian Leigh Maxwell: athlete, coach, entrepreneur, philanthropist, inventor of the PowerBar energy bar
- Marc Reisner: environmental author
- Lisa Swerling: artist
San Anselmo is home to a variety of schools:
- Brookside Elementary School (California) of the Ross Valley School District has two campuses, upper (grades 3-5) and lower (grades K-2).
- Wade Thomas Elementary School, Ross Valley School District, grades K-5.
- White Hill Middle School, Ross Valley School District, grades 6-8.
- Saint Anselm's Catholic School, a private school founded in 1924 by the Catholic Church; grades K-8.
- San Domenico School, co-ed pre-kindergarten through eighth grade and an all-women school for grades 9 through 12.
- Sir Francis Drake High School, Tamalpais Union High School District, grades 9-12.
- San Francisco Theological Seminary, a part of the Presbyterian Church (USA) system of seminaries.
Movies filmed in San AnselmoEdit
- Bandits (2001)
- Farmer & Chase (1997)
- Juko's Time Machine (2009)
- The Martini Shot (2000/I)
- Main article: List of people from Marin County, California
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Template:California's Geographic Names
- ↑ Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; no text was provided for refs named
- ↑ http://www.oberail.org/system/6.php
- ↑ http://mill-valley.freemasonry.biz/railways-railroad-fraternities-marin.htm
- ↑ http://www.oberail.org/page/northwestern_pacific_railroad/
- ↑ http://www.oberail.org/system/images/6/NWP_Timetable_October_1_1939.pdf
- ↑ The Weather Channel, "Averages and Records for San Anselmo, CA (94960)",  (Accessed 10/25/2007).
- ↑ Ross Valley Watershed, "Watershed History",  (Accessed 10/25/2007).
- ↑ Google Maps, Google Maps,  (Accessed 10/25/2007).
- ↑ Ross Valley, "Watershed History".
- ↑ Template:Cite web
- ↑ Template:Cite news
- ↑ http://www.sananselmohistory.org/timeline.html
- ↑ http://www.sananselmohistory.org/sleepyhollowmemories.html Claude E. Cook oral history
- ↑ vhttp://www.shha.org/history.htm Sleepy Hollow Country Club Homeowner's Association
- ↑ http://www.sananselmohistory.org/sleepyhollowmemories.html
- ↑ http://www.sagehistory.net/worldwar2/topics/homefront.html
- ↑ http://www.sananselmohistory.org/baldhill7.html
- ↑ http://pacaeropress.websitetoolbox.com/post?id=3780727 The Night it Rained P-40's in Marin
- ↑ http://www.dfcommand.com/walter_radovich_his_life.htm Walter Radovich life story
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